Presented for your perusal are relevant statistics and observations gleaned from the third annual “Freelancing in America” survey, conducted by the Freelancer’s Union. According to the organization, “Freelancing in America” is the largest and most comprehensive measure of independent workers conducted in the U.S.
Who we are
In 2015 55 million of our fellow citizens, representing 35% of the nation’s workforce, participated in the Freelance economy to greater or lesser degree and we earned $1 trillion. The survey found that 63 % of us were Freelancers by choice, rather than by necessity, and we enjoy this way of working. Freelancers reported feeling positive about our work and 79 % preferred Freelancing to traditional employment. We’re much more likely than our traditionally employed counterparts to feel respected, empowered and engaged in our working environment. The survey assigned categories to different types Freelancing:
- Independent contractors (35 %, 19.1 million) — Full-time Freelance Consultants whose only income is derived from client work.
- Diversified workers (28 %, 15.2 million)– Freelance Consultants who regularly do client work, but provide themselves a guaranteed income floor by working part-time (maybe as an adjunct professor at a local college or maybe as a bartender and possibly both!).
- Moonlighters (25 %, 13.5 million)– those who take occasional side projects along with their traditional employment.
- Freelance business owners (7 %, 3.6 million)– Full-time Freelance Consultants who put together a more-or-less permanent team to form a consultancy, so that more complex and lucrative client work can be taken on.
- Temporary workers (7 %, 3.6 million)
What we like
Flexibility is a huge perceived benefit for the majority of Freelance Consultants and 60 % felt that a Freelance Consulting career is a respectable choice. Further, more than 50 % of workers who left full-time employment to join the Freelance economy were able to earn more money within the first year of Freelancing. 46 % of us raised our project fees/hourly rates in 2015 and 54 % said they planned to do so in 2016.
Money is an issue for Freelancers. Survey respondents reported that adequate billable hours, negotiating fair project fees or hourly rates and receiving timely payment of invoices (or receiving full payment of accounts receivable) could be problematic. On average, full-time Freelance Consultants obtain 36 billable hours/week. When the billable hourly rate or project fee is considered inadequate, cash-flow is impacted and there can be a struggle to meet financial obligations. As a result, the survey also found that debt is a real concern for us Freelancers.
Access to health insurance and retirement benefits remain major concerns. Full-time Freelance Consultants rank medical and dental insurance as a primary concern; 20 % of us have no health insurance. Of those who had health insurance, 54 % faced increased premium rates or deductibles in 2015 as compared to 2014.
Surprisingly, the matter of retirement funding was not addressed by the survey. Freelance Consultants, unless we are moonlighters who have full-time traditional employment or we’re married to a spouse who receives that important benefit, must completely self-fund our retirement and many millions of us do not have the income to build a worthwhile retirement account. Please see my recent post on retirement planning for Freelancers Exit Strategy: The Retirement Plan
Shaping the future
As traditional full-time, middle class paying employment continues to disappear, the ranks of Freelance Consultants can only increase, making us a fast-growing segment of the American workforce. Sadly, politicians have paid no attention whatsoever to either our special challenges or our voting-bloc potential.
85 % of survey respondents said that they planned to vote in the 2016 election cycle. If that statistic can be applied to the entirety of Freelance Consultants in this country (and I feel it is unrealistically optimistic) it would represent nearly 47 million voters, more than enough to influence a presidential election. 70 % of survey respondents would appreciate candidates and political representatives addressing Freelancer needs, because no matter how lovely things may be for the chosen few who command lucrative project fees, Freelance Consultants (and most part-time workers) are vulnerable.
The holiday season approaches and that means drastically fewer billable hours will be available to the vast majority of us, as many clients limit work from about December 15 to January 2. We will not receive holiday pay for Veteran’s Day, Thanksgiving, Christmas, or New Year’s Day. How do we fund our retirement accounts and buy health insurance when it may be all we can do to cover basic living expenses? We need political representation, advocates and activism. The Freelancer’s Union is what we have now. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/24/business/freelancers-union-tackles-concerns-of-independent-workers.html
Thanks for reading,